Due to its many nutritional and medicinal uses, this product has attracted the attention of many people around the world, and as shown in the previous section, Iran enjoys not only a relative advantage but also an absolute advantage in its production. Therefore, it is possible to generate a large amount of foreign exchange resources by producing and exporting them.

Current status of saffron exports

Insufficient attention to education in the agricultural sector, especially in order to maintain product quality and hygiene, Insufficient attention to the correct packaging of the attractive standard and up-to-date pricing and lack of pricing strategy due to the quality and quality of the country's product and role Unique to Iran in the production of this product, smuggling of saffron onions to other countries, including Afghanistan, in the past few years has lowered the price of saffron in the target markets relative to the domestic market, lowering Iran's share of the benefits and added value of the overall saffron trade, despite Over 90% share in the decline in the share of Iranian businessmen in the business sector The saffron to less than 5% and increase the share of brokers and dealers and exporters unrealistic in domestic and overseas market network to Byysh than 50% of other problems saffron crocus is one of the main problems. Lack of professional saffron trade organization The reasons for such a need can be found in the successive crises of saffron and lack of crisis management. The crises of the saffron industry would not have arisen in the presence of strong, professional unions or could have been easily managed. The problems of saffron in recent years, the recession caused by falling or rising prices, and ultimately government intervention and the announcement of an agreement to buy saffron, are due to the lack of professional saffron unions. Accurate global market and its transition to the body of the organization (members) while preparing, take over the global power of the saffron market. The main strategy should focus on coordinating the possibility of gaining global market share. The vacuum of trade organization and dynamic strategy will lead to the dominance of the intermediary flow, which is practically an anti-development factor in saffron trade internally and internationally.
وضعیت کنونی صادرات زعفران

oil resources

Perhaps the main problem of saffron exports and non-oil products in Iran in general is the existence of huge oil resources that generate huge revenue from the sale and export of this wealth, which gives the government little incentive to pay attention to non-oil exports. In this regard, the legislature could pass on to the government less oil revenue, forcing the government to invest in non-oil exports, especially agricultural goods, in order to secure its own revenue. As long as the ratio of export earnings from saffron crop to oil yields is ؛ 1 to 600, one can never hope to increase capacity to produce saffron exports and other agricultural commodities.

Global development of saffron cultivation and emergence of new competitors

Global warming and climate change have made it possible to change the geography of saffron cultivation and harvest. Countries such as New Zealand have conducted applied studies of saffron cultivation in their country and have achieved positive results, which means new competitors are entering the saffron trade.


صادرات زعفران

Non-commercial tariffs and barriers

 تTariffs and Non-Trade Barriers Reduce Exports of Goods and Inefficiency in Trade Tariffs and Non-Trade Barriers. The same is true for saffron, and its exportation as a package makes it very expensive in the destination countries, reducing the demand for foreign consumers, and on the other hand, its bulk exports reduce the quality and fall of the product. It is through intermediaries who receive the most profits and do not earn much in the country. Inadequate and inaccurate support for saffron and weaknesses in the implementation of support following the victory of the revolution and with the policy of exit from the single-product economy and the development of non-oil exports, supportive policies were put on the agenda and saffron was one of the areas that received much attention. Bank policies included long-term interest-free loans, payment of government currencies to provide quality control equipment, and payment of large export bonuses. The policy of developing a non-oil economy was perfectly rational, but the tactics employed by saffron did not go the right way. If a support strategy aimed at promoting saffron trade (industry) in Iran, the support system should be focused on the production sector. Supporting saffron producers in material and spiritual terms, such as forming a true saffron trade union, conducting training programs, sending saffron workers to competing countries such as Spain, Greece, Kashmir and India to raise awareness of the capabilities and plans of global saffron competitors, Deploying to target markets in order to become familiar with the target culture and expectations of foreign customers, promote insight into the world market, needs assessments and standards, etc. could be very effective in developing and enhancing the ability to enter the global competitive arena and the sustainable development of the Iranian saffron industry. , But in practice the policy of support Saffron went into the development of the market. The granting of large facilities and loans for the establishment of saffron packaging companies has led to the unprecedented expansion of saffron packaging companies only to boost the business of such companies. Export awards have created a huge incentive for these companies to send more and more saffron across the border, and subsequently to the global decline in the quality and credibility of the Iranian saffron market.